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UGC NET JUNE 2014: UNIT TEST 3: INFORMATION SOURCES

LIS QUIZ SERIES
UGC NET


1. Where can we find all latest papers published in Library Science?
Dictionary
Yearbook
Trade Catalogue
Indexing/Abstracting serials

2. Which is not a broad category of reference sources
Primary
Dictionary
Secondary
Tertiary

3.When IFLA announced "Universal Bibliographic Control" as one of its core programmes?
Codes :
1972
1973
1974
1975

4.The Indian National Bibliography is being brought out by the National Library since
1954
1955
1956
1957

5. Which is not a type of bibliographies?
Analytical
Descriptive
Historical
Prescriptive

6. The word `index' is derived from ______ word `indicare' meaning `to point out' or `to show'
Greek
French
Latin
German

7. Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) first published in
1970
1971
1972
1973

8. Glossary is a
dictionary of words of a language giving meaning in another language
phrases with brief explanations
list of terms and explanations of specialized or technical nature
None of the above

9. _____ was the first person to use `thesaurus' for English dictionary in 1852
Robert A. Dutch
MC Arthur
Henry George Liddell
Peter Mark Roget

10. Anagram is a
Word that is opposite in meaning to another.
Word formed from the initial letters of a group of words
Words or phrase made by rearranging the letter of another word or phrase
Smallest meaningful unit into which a word can be divided

11. Subject encyclopaedias are also known as...
Cyclopaedias
Circle of knowledge
Encyclopaedia
Modern encyclopaedias

12. In 77 AD who produced the first encyclopaedia 'Historia Naturalis'?
Aristotle
Pliny
Plato
Terentius Varro

13.Paul Scalich used the word 'encyclopaedia' for the first time in his work
Codes :
Encyclopaedias Seu Orbits Methodical
Encyclopaedia Septem Tomis Distincta
Encyclopaedie du xviii Siecle
Encyclopaedia Britannica

14.The first edition of `Encyclopaedia Britannica' appeared in Edinburgh in ____and stopped print version in_____
1766-2000
1767-2004
1768-2012
1769-2013

15. Propaedia in The New Encyclopaedia Britannica denotes
gives outline of knowledge
contains brief information
containing knowledge in depth
All the above

16. Which is not a checkpoint for evaluating encyclopaedias are
Authority
Scope and purpose
Treatment
Year of publication

17. Rules and regulation for government servents can be located from
General handbooks
Statistical handbooks
Official handbooks
Historical handbooks

18. Tables present _______data in ______form
Numerical, tabular
Textual, tabular
Articles, research report
All the above

19. Keesing 's Record of World Events is a
Directory
News digest
Handbook
Index to newspapers

20. Which is not a Indian publications providing standards information.
BIS Handbook
Standards Monthly Addition
Manak Doot
Annual Book of ASTM Standards

21. Index Medicus published by
Indian National Library of Medicine
United States National Library of Medicine (NLM)
American Library Association
CILIP

22. The Science Citation Index (SCI) is made available online through the_______database
Web of Science
Web of Knowledge
Web of Social Science
Proquest

23. Who publishes 'Current Contents'
Codes :
Institute for Scientific Information
Thomson Reuters
Thomson Scientific
FID

24. Ulrich's Periodicals Directory was published since 1932 and also now supplied on-line as
Ulrichsnet
Ulrichslink
Ulrichsonline
Ulrichsweb

25. A gazette give information about?
Geography locations
History of places
Official annoucements and notice
Old records

26. From 1969, "India Who's Who" published by
INFA Publications
Ministry of HRD
Ministry of Internal Affairs
National Library of India

27. Which following types of publications are excluded in Indian National Bibliography
Keys and Guides to Textbooks
Musical scores
Periodicals and Newspapers
All the above

28. Fodor's Guide is an example of
Handbook
Travel guide
Gazetteer
Atlas

29. Indian Science Abstracts is a _______ abstracting journal
Monthly
Semi-monthly
Weekly
Bi-annual

30. The Guinness Book of World Records is comes under category of
General handbooks
General directories
Professional directories
Official handbooks


Objective Questions in Library and Information Science, Multiple choice questions in Library and Information science, Mock Test, Solved UGC NET old Question papers
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UGC NET JUNE 2014: UNIT TEST II : Library and Society-Updated

LIS QUIZ SERIES
UGC NET


1. Dr. S.R.Ranganathan enunciated Five Laws of Library Science in 1928, when it was published as a book
1928
1929
1930
1931

2. Location of the Library should be at a central place, which law strongly emphasizes this statement
First law of library science
Second law of library science
Third law of library science
Fourth law of library science

3.The word 'Organism' is a ________
Codes :
Scientific term
Library science term
Sociological term
Biological term

4.Clay tablets libraries were existed in
Egypt
China
India
Assyria

5. Calcutta Public Library was opened to public on
21st March 1836
21st April 1836
21st May 1836
21st June 1836

6. The new Imperial Library of India opened on 30th January 1903 in the Metcalf Hall. Who is its first librarian?
Lord Curzon
K.M. Asadullah
John Macfarlane
B.S. Kesavan

7. The National Library of India was opened by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on 1st February 1953, in connection with the _____________ Jubilee celebrations of the library.
Silver
Golden
Diamond
Platinum

8. A National Library for the Blind and the Physically ' Handicapped already situated in
New Delhi
Chennai
Kolkatta
Dehradun

9. The Library of Congress, the National library of the United States of America situated in
Texas
New York
Washington
Ohio

10. The Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals(CILIP) was formed in 2002 2 by the merger of the __________ Institute of Information Scientists
ALA
LA
ILA
ASLIB

11. Who is the first female president of ALA?
Theresa Elmendorf
Mary Wright Plummer
Camila Alire
Clara Staton Jones

12. The Association for Information Management formerly known as
Association of Special Libraries and Information Management
Association of Special Libraries and Information Centre
Association of Special Libraries and Information Bureaux
Association of Special Libraries and Information Business

13.FID was dissolved in
Codes :
2000
2001
2002
2003

14. The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions established in the year 1927 in _________.
Hauge
Edinburgh
Brussels
London

15. Who is the first life member of ILA?
A C Woolner
K M Asadullah
S.R.Ranganathan
C.D.Sharma

16. Indian Association of the Teachers of Library and Information Science (IATLIS), Established in
19th December 1969
19th December 1968
19th December 1967
19th December 1966

17. UNESCO Public Library Manifesto was formulated by UNESCO in
1949
1972
1994
2012

18. The INSDOC (Indian National Scientific Documentation Centres) was established in 1952 with the assistance of
UNO
UNESCO
IFLA
ILA

19. Model Public Library Bill in 1963 under the chairmanship prepared under chairmanship of
M. D. Sen
Venkatappaiah
S.R.Ranganathan
C.D.Deshmukh

20. What is Red Letter Day in the history of Britain?
The day British Library was setup
British Museum was established
British Library Legislation became a reality
British Library Association formed

21. World's first library act was enacted in
India
USA
UK
Germany

22. Indian office library located in
UK
USA
Canada
India

23.Mudaliar Commision in India was specially setup for the development of
Codes :
Primary education
Secondary education
Higher education
All the above

24.National Library Week celebrated every year in India during
14-20 August
14-20 September
14-20 November
14-20 December

25. BLAISE an online service provided by
Library of Congress
British Library
NISCAIR
INIS

26. UNISIST was launched by
WHO
FAO
UNESCO
IAEA

27. In which of following state gets fund through Library Cess
Tamil Nadu
Maharashtra
West Bengal
Manipur

28. CALIBNET was sponsored by
NISSAT
NISCAIR
UNESCO
DELNET

29. National Information Centre for Crystallography located in
Lucknow
Bangalore
Chennai
Pune

30. Which is not a publication of IASLIC?
IASLIC Newsletter
IASLIC Bulletin
Journal of Librarianship
Indian Library and Information Science Abstracts

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UGC NET JUNE 2014- UNIT TEST 1:

LIS QUIZ SERIES
UNIT TEST 1- FOR UGC NET JUNE 2014


1. Which of the following is an example for data?
Cotton
Yarn
Cloth
All the above

2. Information is
Raw data
Unorganised data
Processed data
None of the above

3.The term 'data' came from which language?
Codes :
Latin
French
Greek
Spanish

4. Which in not a parameter for categorisation of a data in sciences
Time factor
Location factor
Quantitative values
Scale of measurement

5. Who stated this fundamental equation of information science. K [S] +? I = K [S+ ? S]
Belkin
Brookes
Bell
Machlup

6. Which is not a language barrier
Neologism
Synonym
Antonym
Propaganda

7. Which is simplified form of Information Theory of Shannon Weaver?
Source -> Message -> Channel -> Receiver
Message -> Channel -> Receiver -> Source
Channel -> Receiver -> Source -> Message
Source -> Message -> Noise->Channel -> Receiver

8. Knowledge that may or may not be expressed by an individual is
Explicit Knowledge
Tacit Knowledgec
Data
Information

9. The word 'Communication' is derived from
Greek
Latin
Sanskrit
French

10. Lass well's Model of communication developed in the year
1947
1948
1949
1950

11. The Shannon-weaver model of communication is criticised for
Being too mathematical
Being un directional
Being too descriptive
All the above

12. Which model of communication is summarised as “Who says what in which channel to whom with what effect”?
Shannon Weaver
Lass well's Model
George Gerbner' Model
Schramm's Model

13.'A Mathematical Theory of Communication' by US scientist Claude E. Shannon published in
Codes :
1946
1947
1948
1949

14. Select the correct sequence of the human thought process
Information-data-knowledge-wisdom
Data-Information-Wisdom-Knowledge
Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom
Wisdom-Knowledge-Information-Data

15. The unit Hartley is also known as
decit
bit
nat
None of the above

16. Who first proposed a measure of information?
Hartley
Shannon
S R Ranganathan
Dewey

17. ________ is the average information content per message of a source.
Data
Entropy
Communication
None of the above

18. “A National Information Policy is a set of decisions taken by a
Public
Government
Corporate
All the above

19. The Planning Commission set up a Working Group for the Modernization of Library Services and Informatics in the
Eighth Five Year Plan
Sixth Five Year Plan
Fifth Five Year Plan
Seventh Five Year Plan

20. For the formulation of a National Policy for a Library and Information System Department of Culture set up a Committee in October 1984 under the chairmanship of
Dr.S R Ranganathan
C D Deshmukh
Prof Chattopadhyay
B S Kesavan

21. The Indian Freedom of Information Bill, was passed into a law in December
2000
2002
2005
2010

22. Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) Program initiated by
ILA
IFLA
ALA
IASLIC

23.______ Report also known by the name “Many Voices and One World”
Codes :
Martin
Neelameghan
MacMillan
MacBride

24.Which is not an IPR?
Copyright
Patent
Trademark
Geographical Source

25. In India, the first law of copyright was enacted in the year
1846
1847
1946
1947

26. In India , new Copyright act (the Act of 1957) came into effect from
1957
1958
1959
1960

27. Berne Convention for the protection of Literary & Artistic Works was accepted at
1986
1886
1911
1951

28. The Headquarters of WIPO situated in
Geneva
Paris
Vienna
New Delhi

29. Every year, World Intellectual Property Day celebrated on
March 26
April 26
May 26
June 26

30. The Geographical Indication Registry located at
New Delhi
Mumbai
Kolkatta
Chennai

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UGC NET December 2013 - Paper II (Tentative keys given by UGC NET)

Green-Right key suggested by lisquiz.com
Red- Wrong key suggested by lisquiz.com
Black- Key not suggested by lisquiz.com
1. Name the scientist who said that Information Science is cluster of many disciplines where in the central core is ‘Information’.
(A) B.C. Brooks
(B) Fritz Machlup
(C) Daniel Bell
(D) N.J. Belkin
2. Which committee recommended that imperial library be designated as copyright library ?
(A) Fayzee Committee, 1939
(B) Richey Committee, 1926
(C) Statham Committee, 1932
(D) Sadler Committee, 1916
3. Who was the first Librarian of Imperial Library, Calcutta ?
(A) John MacFarlane
(B) Harinath De
(C) B.S. Kesavan
(D) S.R. Ranganathan
4. Who coined the phrase ‘Information Retrieval’ ?
(A) Calvin Mooers
(B) S.R. Ranganathan
(C) J.D. Brown
(D) H.P. Luhan
5. In colon classification which indicator has been used for indicating interpolation ?
(A) Comma
(B) Hyphen
(C) Astericks
(D) Ampersand
6. What is Denudation ?
(A) Is dividing classes to decrease the extension.
(B) Is dividing classes to increase the extension.
(C) Is dividing classes to increase intension and decrease extension.
(D) Is dividing classes to decrease intension.
7. The International Body that coordinates the assignment of unique domain names, protocol address is
(A) IGF (B) IANA
(C) ICANN (D) ISP
8. Name the Indian Librarian who was honoured with the title of “Khan Bahadur” in 1935 by the British Government.
(A) S.R. Ranganathan
(B) B.S. Kesavan
(C) K.M. Asadullah
(D) D.R. Kalia
9. Which approach of information is not given by Wersig and Neveling ?
(A) Structural Approach
(B) Knowledge Approach
(C) Meaning Approach
(D) Technique Approach
10. Which of the following citation style manuals are from the same publisher ?
(i) A.P.A. (ii) Turabian
(iii) Chicago (iv) M.L.A.
Codes :
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(B) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (ii) and (iv) are correct


11. Pre co-ordinate Indexing system perceives :
(i) Syntax
(ii) Semantic
(iii) Context
(iv) Relation
Codes :
(A) (i) and (iv) are correct
(B) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(C) (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
(D) (ii) and (iv) are correct
12. An indispensable function of Thesaurus is to
(i) Knowledge Classification
(ii) Grouping the words together according to similarity of meaning
(iii) Representation of Relationship between concepts
(iv) Knowledge Engineering
Codes :
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(B) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (i) and (iv) are correct.
13. Which of the following are the basic components of expert system ?
(i) User interface
(ii) Knowledge base
(iii) Inference Mechanism
(iv) Schema
Codes :
(A) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(B) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(C) (iii), (iv) and (i)
(D) (iv), (iii) and (ii)
14. Which of the following are the types factors studies under ANOVA ?
(i) Fixed
(ii) Frequency
(iii) Calculated
(iv) Random
Codes :
(A) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(B) (i) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (i) and (iii) are correct.
(D) (ii) and (iv) are correct.
15. Which of the following are the models of communication ?
(i) Economic Theory Model
(ii) Stock Adjustment Model
(iii) Shanon Weaver Model
(iv) Schramm Model
Codes :
(A) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(B) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(C) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(D) (ii) and (iv) are correct.
16. Which of the following are criteria for Web evaluation ?
(i) Revision
(ii) Response time
(iii) Format
(iv) Archiving facility
Codes :
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(B) (ii) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (i) and (iii) are correct.
(D) (ii) and (iii) are correct.


17. Which of the following countries do not have a code of Ethics for library profession ?
(i) America
(ii) Sri Lanka
(iii) India
(iv) China
Codes :
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(B) (i) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (ii) are correct.
(D) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
18. Which of the following are the components of Search Engine ?
(i) Spider
(ii) TCP/IP
(iii) Search Mechanism
(iv) Index
Codes :
(A) (iv), (i) and (ii)
(B) (iii), (ii) and (i)
(C) (i), (iii) and (iv)
(D) (ii), (iv) and (iii)
19. When the permission of copyright owner is not needed ?
(i) Criticism or review
(ii) Translation
(iii) Research purpose
(iv) Photocopy for sale
Codes :
(A) (i) and (iii) are correct.
(B) (i) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
20. Which of the following are Library net works ?
(i) Internet
(ii) Indonet
(iii) INFLIBNET
(iv) OCLC
Codes :
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct.
(B) (ii) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (i) and (iv) are correct.
21. Arrange the following University Libraries according to the year of their establishment :
(i) Madras University Library
(ii) Delhi University Library
(iii) Calcutta University Library
(iv) Bombay University Library
Codes :
(A) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(B) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(C) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(D) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
22. What is the correct sequence of the following sections of the main entry as per classified catalogue code (CCC) ?
(i) Note Section
(ii) Leading Section
(iii) Heading Section
(iv) Title Section
Codes :
(A) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)
(B) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(C) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(D) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)


23. Arrange the following indexing sources according to the year of their first publication :
(i) Biological Abstracts
(ii) Chemical Abstracts
(iii) Index Medicus
(iv) Poole’s Index to Periodical Literature
Codes :
(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(B) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(C) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)
(D) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)
24. Arrange the following library associations according to their year of emergence :
(i) CILIP (ii) ALA
(iii) SLA (iv) ASLIB
Codes :
(A) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
(B) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
(C) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(D) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
25. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Library Advisory Committee i. 1962
b. Review Committee ii. 1963
c. DRTC iii. 1957
d. Sarada Ranganathan Endowned iv. 1961
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iv iii ii i
(B) iii iv i ii
(C) ii i iii iv
(D) i iv iii ii
26. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Facts on File i. Periodical Directory
b. World of Learning ii. Index
c. Concordance iii. Newspaper Digest
d. Willing’s Press Guide iv. Directory
Codes :
a b c d
(A) i iii iv ii
(B) ii i iii iv
(C) iii iv ii i
(D) iv ii i iii
27. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. McGroger Theory X i. Less External Control
b. McGroger Theory Y ii. PERT
c. Unity of Command iii. Workers’ Participation in Decision Making
d. Time and Cost iv. All Powers in One Person
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iii i iv ii
(B) iv i iii ii
(C) ii iv iii i
(D) i iii ii iv


28. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. User Education i. James I Wyer
b. Conservative, Liberal and Moderate Theory of Reference Service ii. Patricia B. Knapp
c. Minimum, Middling and Maximum Theories of Reference Service iii. Eugene P. Sheehy
d. Guide to Reference Book iv. Samuel Rothstein
Codes :
a b c d
(A) ii i iv iii
(B) i ii iv iii
(C) iii ii iv i
(D) iv iii i ii
29. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. W. Edward Demingi. Quality Control Circles
b. Joseph M. Juran ii. TQM
c. Armand V. Feigenbaum iii. Planning, Control, Improvement
d. Kaoru Ishikava iv. Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA)
Codes :
a b c d
(A) ii iii iv i
(B) iv ii i iii
(C) iii iv i ii
(D) iv iii ii i
30. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Encyclopaedia of Associations i. Secondary sources
b. Whitaker’s Almanac ii. Primary sources
c. LISA iii. Directories
d. Economic Times iv. Yearbooks
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iii iv i ii
(B) iv iii i ii
(C) ii i iv iii
(D) i iv iii ii
31. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Books in Print i. National Bibliography
b. Social Science : A Bibliography of Doctoral Dissertations ii. Trade Bibliography
c. Asian Social Science Bibliography iii. National & Trade Bibliography
d. Cumulative Book Index iv. Subject Bibliography
Codes :
a b c d
(A) ii i iv iii
(B) i iii ii iv
(C) iv i ii iii
(D) iii ii i iv


32. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Dictionary i. Foreign Language
b. Glossary ii. Synonymous terms
c. Thesaurus iii. Words, Synonyms
d. Lexicon iv. Specific subjects
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iii iv ii i
(B) iv iii i ii
(C) i ii iv iii
(D) ii iv iii i
33. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Curriculum Development Committee (P.N. Kaula) i. 2001
b. Curriculum Development Committee (C.R. Karrisidappa) ii. 1992
c. Working Group on Libraries iii. 1910
d. Library Movement in Baroda iv. 1964
Codes :
a b c d
(A) ii i iv iii
(B) i ii iv iii
(C) iv ii iii i
(D) iii iv ii i
34. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Current Biography i. Russia
b. Index Translationum ii. University of Illinois
c. VINITI iii. U.S.A.
d. Library Trends iv. UNESCO
Codes :
a b c d
(A) iii iv i ii
(B) iv i ii iii
(C) i ii iii iv
(D) ii iii iv i
35. Match the following :
List – I List – II
a. Herbert Hicks i. The Elements of Administration
b. F.W. Taylor ii. The Management of Organisation
c. Henry Fayol iii. Scientific Management
d. Colonel L. Urwick iv. Administrative Management
Codes :
a b c d
(A) i iv ii iii
(B) iv ii iii i
(C) ii iii iv i
(D) iii iv i ii
36. Assertion (A) : In the study of History, as an academic discipline, a primary source is an artefact, a document, a recording or other source of information that was created during the event or immediately after the event.
Reason (R) : Primary sources are considered as original material or evidences about the topic and are fundamental to history.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.
37. Assertion (A) : Indian National Bibliography is the most comprehensive source of Indian publications.
Reason (R) : National Library of Kolkata is entitled to receive one copy of each Indian publication under Delivery of Book Act.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.
38. Assertion (A) : As per the generally accepted principles of construction of statistical tabulation, every table should have a clear, concise and adequate title so as to make the table intelligible without reference to the text and this title should always be placed just below the body of the table.
Reason (R) : A statistical table which reflects its title just above the table and supply information about several interrelated characteristics of data makes the table unwield and inconvenient.
Codes :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
39. Assertion (A) : Knowledge Management involves a number of assets and value added to them.
Reason (R) : Knowledge Management is the core activity of information transfer.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) (A) is true, but (R) is partially true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(D) (A) is partially true but (R) is true.
40. Assertion (A) : According to Horton and Merchant, information is a commodity like other resources.
Reason (R) : Information is a tangible commodity.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(D) (A) is false, (R) is true.
41. Assertion (A) : Reference section in a Library became insignificant.
Reason (R) : The Web. 2.0 services replaces the reference desk services.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(D) (A) is false and (R) is true.
42. Assertion (A) : Newspaper Digests are the best sources of information to get current and authentic information like books.
Reason (R) : These sources are compiled by going through various newspapers.
Codes :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) (A) is partially true but (R) is true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(D) (A) is true but (R) is partially true.
43. Assertion (A) : Encyclopaedias have been regarded as the substitute of all categories of reference sources as these provide all types of information.
Reason (R) : Encyclopaedias provide comprehensive information on all aspects which therwise are scattered in different categories of reference sources.
Codes :
(A) (R) is true but (A) is false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.
44. Assertion (A) : Chi-square is an important non-parametric test which does not require rigid assumptions in respect of the type of population being studied.
Reason (R) : Since χ2 is a nonparametric test, it requires only the degrees of freedom (implicitly, the size of the population) for using the test.
Codes :
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(C) (A) is false but (R) is true.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.
45. Assertion (A) : Information is commodity.
Reason (R) : Commodity is a marketable item produced to satisfy human wants or needs.
Codes :
(A) (A) is false, and (R) is true.
(B) (R) is false and (A) is true.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are true.
Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on your understanding of the passage (Question Nos. 46-50) :
According to Wikipedia ‘social media’ is media designed to be disseminated through social interaction, created using highly accessible and scalable publishing techniques. According to search engine partner, the term social media describes media that is posed by the user and can take many different forms. Some type of social media are forums, message boards, blogs, wikis and podcarts. Social media applications include Google, Facebook and You tube. In social media, communication takes place through messages, status updates, voice chats etc. or through photos/videos sharing, games, virtual goods etc. Antony Mayfield in his e-book titled ‘What is Social Media’ ? has defined social media as online media, which encourages contributions and feedback from everyone who is interested, is open to feedback and articipation, is a two way conversation, allows communities to form quickly and communicate effectively to share common interests and thrive on their connectedness The growth of social media is phenomenal. It is being used by all netizens all over the world to a great extent in all areas including business, government, fashion etc. A research conducted by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) indicates that high take up of social media application outside formal educational settings provides new opportunities for innovation and modernisation. With this growing trend, political leaders have also realized its mportance as an effective tool to spread awareness and to reach out their voters. Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama used it during the Presidential elections. Since then, social media is being highly used by a number of politicians all over the world. Myspace has more than 7400 discussion groups related to politics. According to a survey by manpower, 29% of the companies in America and 20% of companies worldwide have a social media policy.
People even update themselves through micro-blogging on every aspect of human life including the natural and human diasters. In China, Twitter became the first media in the world to break the news of the Wenzhou earthquake. Social media is being used in fashion industry as well to generate interest in a brand through publicity across online communities and websites. India is one of the most culturally, linguistically and genetically diverse regions having more than one billion people. It is ranked third in Asia in terms of the internet users and quite a number of them are using social media. In fact, approximately 60 millions to 65 millions netizens in India open most of their time on social media/networking sites.
46. Who defined social media as ‘online media’ which encourages contributions and eedback from everyone who is interested ?
(A) Wikepedia
(B) Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)
(C) Myspace
(D) Antony Myfield
47. Who used the social media for conversing during recent Presidential Election in U.S.A. ?
(A) Jimmy Carter
(B) Barack Obama
(C) George Bush
(D) John F. Kennedy
48. In China, which social media became the first media to break the news of earthquake ?
(A) Facebook
(B) Youtube
(C) Twitter
(D) Myzamana
49. In Asia, which country is ranked third in terms of using social media by the people ?
(A) China
(B) Pakistan
(C) Japan
(D) India
50. Which social website has more than 7400 discussion groups relate to politics ?
(A) Orkut
(B) Myspace
(C) Facebook

(D) Twitter
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