UGC-NET December 2020 & June 2021 (Merged Cycles)- Paper 2 (91-95)

 Thirunavukkarasu TC  Aug 27, 2022

Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow
Philosophy of science consists of epistemological problems as well as other kinds of philosophical problems related to science. Epistemology is an important philosophical subdiscipline concerned with the nature, sources and limits of knowledge. A crude classification of basic epistemologies is: Rationalism stresses the role of a priori theorising. Empiricism stresses observation. Historicism stresses the role of background knowledge. Pragmatism stresses the role of analysing values and goals.
Pragmatic view is probably the most relevant to information science. This sees living and acting in the world as constituting the a priori of human knowledge. Value‐knowledge, factual knowledge and procedural knowledge are three types of knowledge. Having value‐knowledge means knowing what fulfils the criteria of good values. Having factual knowledge means having true beliefs about the three worlds in which one is living. Having procedural knowledge means knowing how to carry out a specific act or act sequence. Knowledge can be unarticulated or articulated. Unarticulated knowledge is, for instance, tacit knowledge, familiarity, knowledge by acquaintance. The pragmatic view of knowledge is of special importance to Library and Information Science because it is connected to the societal role of LIS institutions, whether they are scientific or commercial, or public libraries serving democracy and enlightenment.
1. Which of the following branches of Philosophy studies the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge?
Metaphysics
Ethics
Epistemology
Logic

2. Which one of the following methods states that knowledge comes primarily from the sensory experience?
Rationalism
Historicism
Pragmatism
Empiricism

3. Which of the following is not a reason for the pragmatic view of knowledge of special importance to library and information science?
Connected to the societal role of LIS institutions
Public libraries serving democracy and enlightenment
Living and acting in the world as constituting the 'a‐priori' of human knowledge
Is a representation of reality or a 'Mirror of Nature

4. Knowledge exercised in the performance of some task' is a
Procedural knowledge
Factual knowledge
Value knowledge
Social knowledge

5. Which one of the following knowledge types is difficult to transfer to another person ?
Articulated knowledge
Social knowledge
Declarative knowledge
Tacit knowledge

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