Unit 2: Academic Libraries- School, College and University Libraries

1) State the objectives of a primary school library
 The objectives of a primary school library are:
• to create library consciousness
• to strengthen learning skills
• to create a love for books and information
• to generate interest in using them for learning
• to inculcate the habit of learning and reading.

2) State the professional requirements of a primary school 
The librarian of a primary school library has a teaching role to perform. Therefore, the professional requirements are not only to manage the library but also to involve in those activities that would complement and supplement classroom learning. Story-telling, book talks, demonstrating through audio-visual kits the life of birds and animals, etc., are the special capabilities required in a scheme librarian. Almost every one of these activities should be designed imaginatively and presented in an attractive manner, In this task the librarian should work closely with teachers. `

3) Enumerate the type of collection that should go into a secondary school library
The types of collection that should go into a secondary school library are:
i) an excellent stock of text books, both prescribed and other children's literature, in multiple copies;
ii) relatively more advanced books on all subjects for brighter students and teachers;
iii) general books on popular science, biographies of great persons, travelogues, geographical explorations, sports and games and others that would create interest in reading;
iv) books of fiction, collection of short stories and other light reading materials;
v) carefully assorted reference books such as -
- encyclopaedias (junior levels); illustrated dictionaries, both general and technical yearbooks, consolidating current events, scientific and technological achievements and others, handbooks on various subjects, particularly those that are technically/technologically practice oriented; Carrier handbooks, Competition Success;
- guides to literature, reference books in different subjects; directories, bibliographical books such as indexes and abstracts on a highly selective basis;
- periodicals, both popular and learned, selectively;
- Audio visual materials;
- and others.

4) List the types of services that a Secondary School Library should offer. 
A secondary school library should offer the following services:
i) Lending
Their Functions
ii) Information and Reference Services
iii) Guidance and advisory services
iv) Preparation of reading list, in anticipation or in response, on any topic
v) Current awareness service on current events, activities, personalities, scientific and technological achievements, anything of national importance and international events of significance.
vi) Other services for spreading the message of books and libraries, such as organisation of book exhibitions on appropriate occasions, organising book talks by those who can hold the interest of students, Competitions-oratorical contests, debates on current issues, essay writing, quiz programmes, etc.
vii) Other routine services like display of jackets of currently acquire books, newspaper clippings, particularly those that are of interest to students, pictures and photographs of current events and activities and persons of importance.

5) Enumerate the type of users in a college library. 
In addition to teachers, students and staff, the other users of the library are likely to be, authors and writers, high school teachers, lawyers, medical practitioners, and such others.

6) Write the services that may be offered to the users of a college library.
The common services that are provided in college libraries are:
i) Text book service;
ii) Lending;
iii) Reading Room;
iv) Reference;
v) Display of current additions or production of list of current accessions;
vi) Documentation services, only on specific request, to include current awareness to literature, especially journal literature. Preparation of current lists of references Indexing/Abstracting services on projects and similar others;
vii) Reprographic services;
viii) Audio visual services such as film shows, tape-slides demonstrations, etc;
ix) Exhibitions and special display; and the
x) Assistance in the use of the library.

7) State the objectives and functions of a university library
University libraries aim to support and help to achieve each of the objectives of a university.
The major functions and objectives of a university library are:
• Development of a collection in a wide variety of subjects for learning, teaching, research, publication, etc.
• Getting the stock of materials organised and maintained for use;
• Organise and provide a variety of library, documentation and information services both responsive and anticipatory.

8) State the distinct characteristics of a university library that distinguish it from a college library
University library is distinct from a college library in functions such as research, conservation of knowledge and ideas and publication of research results. Therefore, in a University library the collections, all the different house keeping operations, and the services have to be different from that of a college library. The competance required to perform these functions would be sound scholarship,
effective communication, both written and oral, and ability for innovatious:

Academic Libraries : The libraries associated with educational institutions.
Browsing Books : To look through a book in a casual manner.
Documentation : Arts of collecting, recording, preserving and making use of the documents quickly.
Inhospitable : Unfavourable
Library Network : Interlinking library resources and services by means of computer and communication technologies.
Precocious : Forward in mental development.
Ramification of a Subject : Structural division of a subject.
Tape-Slide Kit : A slide presentation of an activity, a tool of reference, a description of an event, etc.,-with a running commentary.

Source: IGNOU Study Material

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