# Spiral of Scientific Method

LIS QUIZ SERIES

1.Spiral of Scientific Method propounded by
Best and Kahn
Ranganathan
Busha
Pauline V. Young

2.Which of the following laws comprises the Spiral of Scientific Method?
1) Fundamental laws
2) Deduced laws
4) Empirical laws

1,4
1,2,4
1,2,3,4
2,4

3.Arrange the following Cardinal Stage in the Cycle according to their order
1) Zenith
3) Ascendent
4) Descendent

1,2,3,4
4,1,2,3
2,3,1,4
3,4,1,2

4.Match the following
a. Quadrant I----(1). between ascendent and zenith
b. Quadrant II---(2). between zenith and descendent

1,2,3,4
2,3,4,1
3,4,1,2
4,1,2,3

5.Quadrant 1 corresponds to the stage in which involves
1.Observation are made of knowees with or without experimental inference and conditioning
2.Facts are found
3.Primary senses are used to either in their native state or with the aid of instruments
4.Progression towards ultimate generalisation

1,2,3
2,3,4
1,3,4
All of the above

6.Quadrant 2 corresponds to the stage in which involves
1.Intellect is used either by itself or aided by machinery
2.Reasoning is made with the aid of inductive logic
3.Seizing of fundamental laws and their recording
4.Inducted or empirical laws are formulated

1,2,3
1,2,4
1,3,4
2,3,4

7.Quadrant 3 corresponds to the stage in which involves
1.Intuition of some intensity is used unmediated by the primary senses or the intellect
2.The inducted or empirical laws stand boiled down to a very small number of fundamental laws
3.Progression towards ultimate abstractness
4.Seizing of fundamental laws and their recording

1,2,3
1,2,4
1,3,4
All of the above

8.Quadrant 4 corresponds to the stage in which involves
1.Reasoning with the aid of deductive logic including mathematical and other classes
2.Progression towards concreteness
3.Derivation of deducted laws and their recording
4.Deducted laws must include one and all of the inducted empirical laws

1,2,3
2,3,4
1,3,4
All of the above

9.Which of the following things happen in re-entering the spiral
1.Observations and experiments are made to verify the validity of new deducedlaws
2.Further continuous observation and experiment lead to accumulation of new empirical facts
1 only
2 only
both 1 and 2
Neither 1 Nor 2

10.Match the following
1) Zenith----------(a). A position of dominance, controlling influence
2) Nadir-----------(b). Something that is going down
3) Ascendent-------(c). The lowest point in an activity
4) Descendent------(d). The highest point of an activity

a,b,c,d
b,a,d,c
c,d,b,a
d,c,a,b