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Creative Commons - Keynotes

Creative Commons: An Overview:

  • Creative Commons is a non-profit organization that aims to expand the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
  • The organization has released several copyright licenses, known as Creative Commons licenses, free of charge to the public.
  • History of Creative Commons:

  • Creative Commons was founded in 2001 by Lawrence Lessig, Hal Abelson, and Eric Eldred with the support of Center for the Public Domain.
  • The first set of copyright licenses was released in December 2002.
  • Purpose and Goal of Creative Commons:

  • Creative Commons has been an early participant in the copyleft movement, which seeks to provide alternative solutions to copyright.
  • According to its founder Lawrence Lessig, Creative Commons' goal is to counter the dominant and increasingly restrictive permission culture that limits artistic creation to existing or powerful creators.
  • Creative Commons Network:

  • Until April 2018, Creative Commons had over 100 affiliates working in over 75 jurisdictions to support and promote CC activities around the world.
  • In 2018 this affiliate network has been restructured into a network organisation.
  • Evolution of CC Licenses:

  • All current CC licenses (except the CC0 Public Domain Dedication tool) require attribution, which can be inconvenient for works based on multiple other works.
  • Version 3.0 of the Creative Commons licenses addressed concerns of anti-DRM provisions and are considered to be compatible with the DFSG.
  • Benefits of Creative Commons:

  • Creative Commons licenses allow creators to retain ownership of their work while giving others the right to use, share, and build upon it.
  • This promotes collaboration, creativity, and innovation.
  • Types of Creative Commons Licenses:

  • There are six main types of Creative Commons licenses, each with different restrictions and permissions.
  • These include Attribution, ShareAlike, NonCommercial, and NoDerivatives licenses.
  • Impact of Creative Commons:

  • Creative Commons has had a significant impact on the way people share and use creative works online.
  • It has helped to create a culture of openness and collaboration, and has made it easier for creators to share their work with the world.
  • Criticism of Creative Commons:

  • Critics feared that Creative Commons could erode the copyright system over time, or allow "some of our most precious resources – the creativity of individuals – to be simply tossed into the commons to be exploited by whomever has spare time and a magic marker."
  • Critics also worried that the lack of rewards for content producers would dissuade artists from publishing their work.
  • Creative Commons in Japan and South Korea:

  • Creative Commons Japan (CC Japan/CCJP) is the affiliated network of Creative Commons in Japan.
  • Creative Commons Korea (CC Korea) is the affiliated network of Creative Commons in South Korea.
  • Bassel Khartabil:

  • Bassel Khartabil was a Palestinian Syrian open source software developer who served as a project lead and public affiliate for Creative Commons Syria.
  • In 2017, Bassel's wife received confirmation that Bassel had been killed shortly after she lost contact with him in 2015.
  • CC license proliferation:

  • Creative Commons has established a range of licenses tailored to meet the different protection interests of authors of creative works.
  • Creative Commons enables license proliferation, by providing multiple licenses that are incompatible.
  • License uses:

  • Creative Commons is only a service provider for standardized license text, not a party in any agreement.
  • Although Creative Commons offers multiple licenses for different uses, some critics suggested that the licenses still do not address the differences among the media or among the various concerns that different authors have.
  • Non-commercial use licenses:

  • Various commentators have reported confusion in understanding what 'noncommercial' use means.
  • Creative Commons has not sought to resolve the confusion, in part because of high consumer demand for the noncommercial license as is with its ambiguity.
  • Personality rights:

  • Virgin Mobile Australia launched a bus stop advertising campaign which promoted its mobile phone text messaging service using the work of amateur photographers who uploaded their work to the photo-sharing site Flickr using a Creative Commons by Attribution license.
  • Chang sued Virgin Mobile and Creative Commons. The case hinges on privacy, the right of people not to have their likeness used in an ad without permission.
  • Current Strategy:

  • In 2020, Creative Commons announced a new strategy for 2021-2025, focusing on increasing access to knowledge and culture.
  • This includes expanding the use of open licenses, promoting open access to research, and advocating for policies that support open education.
  • Affiliate Network:

  • Creative Commons has a global network of affiliates that work to promote open access and open licensing in their respective countries.
  • These affiliates provide support and resources to creators and users of open content.
  • Controversies and Criticisms:

  • Some critics have raised concerns about the limitations of Creative Commons licenses, particularly the non-commercial and share-alike clauses.
  • Others have criticized the organization for not doing enough to protect the rights of creators.
  • Legal Issues:

  • There have been several legal cases involving the use of Creative Commons-licensed content, including a lawsuit against Virgin Mobile in 2007.
  • However, the lawsuit was ultimately dropped and the use of Creative Commons licenses has continued to grow.
  • Impact and Future:

  • Creative Commons has had a significant impact on the open access and open licensing movements, making it easier for creators to share their work with others.
  • As the organization continues to grow and evolve, it is likely to play an even greater role in shaping the future of knowledge and culture.
  • Conclusion:

  • Creative Commons is a powerful tool for promoting open access and open licensing.
  • While there are some criticisms and challenges, the organization has had a significant impact on the way we share and use creative works.
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