Melvil Dewey, Librarian
Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey was an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club.
Born: December 10, 1851, Adams
Centre, New York,
Died: December 26, 1931, Lake Placid,
, United States Florida
Children: Godfrey Dewey
He helped establish the American Library Association (ALA) in 1876.
In 1876 he published A Classification and Subject Index for Cataloguing and Arranging Books and Pamphlets in a Library, better known as the "Dewey Decimal Classification”.
He was secretary of
from 1876 to 1890 and president during
the 1890/1891 and 1892/1893 terms. ALA
He co-founded and edited Library Journal
Dewey became the librarian of
(now Columbia University)
While there, New York City
He founded the first ever library school on January 1, 1887.
In December 1889, he became the director of the New York State Library at
Retiring from that position in 1906. Albany
Melvil Dewey well deserves the title of "father of modern librarianship".
Book selection principle emphasised by Dewey is
“The best reading for the largest number at the least cost”